In this paper we explore the advantages of using Self-Organized Maps (SOMs) when dealing with geo-referenced data. The standard SOM algorithm is presented, together with variants which are relevant in the context of the analysis of geo-referenced data. We present a new SOM architecture, the Geo-SOM, which was especially designed to take into account spatial dependency. The strengths and weaknesses of the different variants proposed are shown through a set of tests based on artificial data. A real world application of these techniques is given through the analysis of geodemographic data from Lisbon's metropolitan area.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Computers and Geosciences|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2005|
- Geo-referenced data
- Self-Organizing Map
- SOM variants