The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: A syndemic perspective

Inês Fronteira, Mohsin Sidat, João Paulo Magalhães, Fernando Passos Cupertino de Barros, António Pedro Delgado, Tiago Correia, Cláudio Tadeu Daniel-Ribeiro, Paulo Ferrinho

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has affected communities, populations, and countries throughout the world. As the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic developed, the extent to which the disease interacted with already existing endemic, non-communicable and infectious diseases became evident, hence deeply influencing health outcomes. Additionally, a synergistic effect has been demonstrated also with socio-economic, cultural, and contextual determinants of health which seem to contribute to poorer health and accumulating social disadvantages. In this essay, using as a starting point the syndemic theory that translates the cumulative and intertwined factors between different epidemics, we argue that the SARS-CoV-2 is a one health issue of a syndemic nature and that the failure to acknowledge this contributes to weakened policy-making processes and public health responses and ineffective health policies and programs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100228
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalOne Health
Early online date17 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • COVID-19
  • Health in all policies
  • One health
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Syndemic
  • NCD
  • Non Communicable Diseases
  • NTD
  • neglected tropical diseases
  • SDG
  • sustainable development goals
  • health policy


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