The role of host cell physiology in the productivity of the baculovirus-insect cell system: Fluxome analysis of Trichoplusia ni and Spodoptera frugiperda cell lines

Francisca Monteiro, Vicente Bernal, Paula M. Alves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Insect Cell-Baculovirus Expression Vector System (IC-BEVS) is broadly used for the production of recombinant proteins and vaccine manufacture, yet the host physiological aspects that contribute to productivity are to be disclosed. This work provides the first quantitative analysis of the metabolic fluxes of High Five cells. This analysis was conducted in comparison with Sf9 cells, another major host for biologicals production via BEVS. Moreover, herein is presented, for the first time, quantitative data of the relative contribution of sugars and amino acids catabolism to the activity of the TCA cycle in Sf9 and High Five cells. High Five cells metabolic activity was markedly influenced by the amino acids concentration in culture medium, which determine the rates of amino acid catabolism, carbon overflow and by-product formation. This characteristic of High Five cells was reflected in the activities of anaplerotic metabolism and the TCA cycle, which may not work as a true cycle as a function of medium composition. This was not the case for Sf9 cells, in which the glucose carbon incorporation in the TCA cycle was significantly higher and lactate production minor. Following infection, the decrease in by-product accumulation rates was accompanied by an increase in net ATP synthesis in Sf9 and High Five cells, although through distinct mechanisms cell-line dependent. The impact of baculovirus infection on cellular metabolic status highlights the capacity of this virus to re-direct the cellular fluxome toward ATP production to support replication and progeny generation. These results pave the way to deepen our knowledge on the relationship between a host cell and the virus, contributing to disclosing the metabolic determinants that contribute to productivity. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2017;114: 674–684.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)674-684
Number of pages11
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume114
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • baculovirus
  • High Five cells
  • metabolic flux analysis
  • metabolism
  • productivity
  • Sf9 cells

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