The Role of Eye Gaze and Body Movements in Turn-Taking during a Contemporary Dance Improvisation

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Abstract

This paper intends to contribute to the multimodal turn-taking literature by presenting data collected in an improvisation session in the context of the performing arts and its quali-quantitative analysis, where the focus is on how gaze and the full body participate in the interaction. Five expert performers joined Portuguese contemporary choreographer, João Fiadeiro, in practicing his Real Time Composition Method during an improvisation session, which was recorded and annotated for this study. A micro-analysis of portions of the session was conducted using ELAN. We found that intersubjectivity was avoided during this performance, both in the performers’ bodily movements and mutual gaze; we extrapolate that peripheral vision was chiefly deployed as a regulating strategy by these experts to coordinate turn-taking. A macro-analysis comparing the data with an analogous one obtained from Non-Performers provides the context for a discussion on multimodality and decision-making.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd European Symposium on Multimodal Communication
EditorsEmer Gilmartin, Nick Campbell, Loredana Cerrato
Place of PublicationLinköping
PublisherLiU Press
Pages24-31
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)978-91-7685-679-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 2016
EventProceedings of the 3rd European Symposium on Multimodal Communication MMSYM 2015, Trinity College Dublin - Dublin
Duration: 17 Sep 201518 Sep 2015

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the 3rd European Symposium on Multimodal Communication MMSYM 2015, Trinity College Dublin
Period17/09/1518/09/15

Keywords

  • Performing arts
  • Inter-rater agreement
  • Gaze
  • Non-verbal behavior
  • Silent turn-taking
  • Gesture function
  • Decision-making

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  • Cite this

    Evola, V., Skubisz, J., & Fernandes, C. (2016). The Role of Eye Gaze and Body Movements in Turn-Taking during a Contemporary Dance Improvisation. In E. Gilmartin, N. Campbell, & L. Cerrato (Eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd European Symposium on Multimodal Communication (pp. 24-31). Linköping: LiU Press. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.3115.6885