This paper describes the Recording, Investigation and Analysis of Accidents at Work (Registo,Investigação e Análise de Acidentes de Trabalho - RIAAT) process and illustrates its application to a real accident. The process constitutes a holistic approach to deal withoccupational accident information; as such, it merges the several ‘bits' and ‘parts' oftraditional approaches into a distinctive a ‘single process'. The process covers the full cycle ofaccident information by recording the event and its main circumstances; carrying out aninvestigation and causal analysis in a multi-layered fashion; producing a plan of action; andsetting out activities required for sharing information and promoting organisational learning.The process is contained in a standard form (the main instrument) and a small user's manual.This procedure is intended for application in small and medium-sized enterprises, and theprincipal targeted-users are occupational safety and health practitioners. The analyticalframework includes an accident causation model, which is embedded in the form itself andfacilitates application. The methodology for developing the process is based on empirical andtheoretical foundations within three main categories: the identification of existing goodpractices; the legal requirements for employers; and a scientific background of accidentmodelling, inspired by leading researchers in the domain. The tool described here is now fullydeveloped and its final version (available online in English and Portuguese) was adopted asstandard procedure in a couple of organisations during the course of 2010. Some otherorganisations are currently using it on a trial basis. Future work will include some tailoredstudies to ascertain usefulness and applicability issues, as well as an inter-analyst validation study.
|Journal||Policy and Practice in Health and Safety|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2011|