The process of construction of evidence: An analysis of the use of indicators in two decisions of innovation policy

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Abstract

Despite increasing calls for evidence-based policies, knowledge about the practical use of evidences remains limited. This paper studies the process of construction of evidences in decisions of innovation policy to understand how evidences were used. It analysis the use of indicators and other evidences
through interviews conducted to inquire about the two decisions: an electric mobility policy and a nanotechnology laboratory. Results show indicators and other evidences were brought to decision processes according to their availability and capacity to support the different interests of the actors and
the stakeholders. Their role was influenced by the particular situation of the decision makers. More importantly, the use of persuasive analytical evidences appears to be related with the adversity of the policy context. In addition, research suggests that indicators are one tool among others to foster
innovation decisions. In fact, the relatively minor instrumental role of indicators suggests that indicators are mostly a complementary instrument of decision. When used relevantly, indicators can offer support to a decision. But there are other significant influences that need to be taken into account to understand the specific role indicators and other evidences play, such as the social relations of the decision makers and their emotional-intuitive decisions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 21st Conference on Science and Technology Indicators
EditorsIsmael Ràfols, Jordi Molas-Gallart, Elena Castro-Martínez, Richard Woolley
Place of PublicationValência
PublisherEditorial Universitat Politècnica de València
Pages156–167
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-84-9048-519-4
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event21st International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators - Valência
Duration: 14 Sep 201616 Sep 2016

Conference

Conference21st International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators
CityValência
Period14/09/1616/09/16

Keywords

  • Evidences
  • Indicators
  • Innovation policy
  • Decisions

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    Boavida, N., Moniz, A. B., & Laranja, M. (2016). The process of construction of evidence: An analysis of the use of indicators in two decisions of innovation policy. In I. Ràfols, J. Molas-Gallart, E. Castro-Martínez, & R. Woolley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 21st Conference on Science and Technology Indicators (pp. 156–167). Valência: Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València.