This chapter aims to the civil activity organised around the consular services in the context of a Portuguese republic that claimed to be anticlerical. It looks at the history of Portuguese emigration, the state’s concern to learn more about the situation of its emigrant population settled in Brazil –the main country to attract Portuguese emigration –grew with the massification of departures during and after the 1870s. Emigration was legislated in this social context in May 1919, and the principle of solidarity towards emigrants was one of the guiding factors underpinning the law. The rationality behind departures and the controls adopted led to measures and mechanisms being implemented that were based on governmental intentionality to maximise the positive effects of departures. The Portuguese colonies, primarily Angola, were considered possible alternative destinations for the returnees and a suitable solution to the situation they had left in Brazil and the difficulties they would face if they returned to mainland Portugal.
|Title of host publication||Child Migration and biopolitics|
|Subtitle of host publication||Old and new experiences in Europe|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|