The Portuguese Red Cross Hospital in France during World War I

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The dispatch of the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps (CEP) to France in 1917 was
envisaged by Portuguese interventionists as an affirmation of Portugal’s desire to
reclaim an independent role in world affairs, emerging from the shadow of British
influence. However, the CEP relied on the much larger British Expeditionary Force
for instruction, supply, and guidance. The relationship between the two armies was
fraught with difficulty and cultural misunderstandings due in large measure to a
very different reading of their joint campaign against Napoleon in the Peninsular
War, fought a century earlier. The British desire to correct the CEP’s shortcomings
was interpreted within the CEP as a desire to subjugate the Portuguese and to take
credit for whatever they might accomplish on the battlefield.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-627
Number of pages25
Issue number426
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Red Cross Societies
  • First World War
  • healthcare
  • hospital
  • Nord-Pas-de-Calais


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