This text aims to elucidate the impact of Emerson’s and Whitman’s works in the construction of a poetics of otherness in Fernando Pessoa. Throughout Pessoa’s Archive and the Portuguese author’s Private Library one finds numerous clues that make it possible to attest the importance of the two American authors in the elaboration of Pessoa’s poetics. In addition to the copies of Whitman's poetry, one also find’s in the bibliographical collection of the Portuguese poet a volume entitled Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson, which presents traces of reading that lie at the base of Pessoa’s literary creation. We emphasise Emerson's essay “The Poet”, corresponding to a lecture given by Emerson in 1842, which was attended by Whitman and was of fundamental importance not only in the writing of the Leaves of Grass, but also in aspects of Pessoa’s poetics of otherness, namely the theoretical heteronymic texts, where it is possible to verify the absorption of numerous elements present both in Whitman and in Emerson. Thus, taking all these indications into consideration, we shall try to elucidate the extent to which the thoughts of Emerson and Whitman present fundamental data for the poetic genesis of Fernando Pessoa's heteronymic otherness.
|Title of host publication||English Literature in the World|
|Subtitle of host publication||From Manuscript to Digital|
|Editors||Alcinda Pinheiro de Sousa, Alda Correia, Angélica Varandas, Maria de Jesus C. Relvas|
|Place of Publication||V. N. Famalicão|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|