The North Atlantic Fish Revolution (ca. AD 1500)

Poul Holm, Cristina Brito, Richard Breen, Francis Ludlow, Cordula Scherer, Charles Travis, Bernard Allaire, Patrick W. Hayes, J. Al Matthews, Kieran J. Rankin, Robert Legg, Kevin Lougheed, John Nicholls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We propose the concept of the “Fish Revolution” to demarcate the dramatic increase in North Atlantic fisheries after AD
1500, which led to a 15-fold increase of cod (Gadus morhua) catch volumes and likely a tripling of fish protein to the European
market.We consider three key questions: (1) What were the environmental parameters of the Fish Revolution? (2) What
were the globalising effects of the Fish Revolution? (3) What were the consequences of the Fish Revolution for fishing communities?
While these questions would have been considered unknowable a decade or two ago, methodological developments
in marine environmental history and historical ecology have moved information about both supply and demand
into the realm of the discernible. Although much research remains to be done, we conclude that this was a major event in
the history of resource extraction from the sea, mediated by forces of climate change and globalisation, and is likely to provide
a fruitful agenda for future multidisciplinary research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalQuaternary Research
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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fish
historical ecology
fishing community
environmental history
globalization
fishery
North Atlantic
Revolution
Fish
fold
climate change
protein
resource
history
effect
parameter
sea
Fishing
Fold
Resources

Keywords

  • North Atlantic;
  • Fish Revolution
  • Climate change
  • Settlements
  • Market integration
  • Early modern history

Cite this

Holm, P., Brito, C., Breen, R., Ludlow, F., Scherer, C., Travis, C., ... Nicholls, J. (2019). The North Atlantic Fish Revolution (ca. AD 1500). Quaternary Research, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1017/qua.2018.153
Holm, Poul ; Brito, Cristina ; Breen, Richard ; Ludlow, Francis ; Scherer, Cordula ; Travis, Charles ; Allaire, Bernard ; Hayes, Patrick W. ; Matthews, J. Al ; Rankin, Kieran J. ; Legg, Robert ; Lougheed, Kevin ; Nicholls, John . / The North Atlantic Fish Revolution (ca. AD 1500). In: Quaternary Research. 2019 ; pp. 1-15.
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Holm, P, Brito, C, Breen, R, Ludlow, F, Scherer, C, Travis, C, Allaire, B, Hayes, PW, Matthews, JA, Rankin, KJ, Legg, R, Lougheed, K & Nicholls, J 2019, 'The North Atlantic Fish Revolution (ca. AD 1500)' Quaternary Research, pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1017/qua.2018.153

The North Atlantic Fish Revolution (ca. AD 1500). / Holm, Poul; Brito, Cristina; Breen, Richard; Ludlow, Francis ; Scherer, Cordula ; Travis, Charles ; Allaire, Bernard ; Hayes, Patrick W. ; Matthews, J. Al ; Rankin, Kieran J. ; Legg, Robert ; Lougheed, Kevin ; Nicholls, John .

In: Quaternary Research, 04.2019, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Travis, Charles

AU - Allaire, Bernard

AU - Hayes, Patrick W.

AU - Matthews, J. Al

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AU - Nicholls, John

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