The mosquito fauna of the western region of Spain with emphasis on ecological factors and the characterization of Culex pipiens forms

Daniel Bravo-Barriga, Bruno Gomes, Antonio P.G. Almeida, Francisco Javier Serrano Aguilera, Juan Enrique Pérez-Martín, Rafael Calero-Bernal, David Reina, Eva Frontera, João Pinto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study updates the diversity, distribution, and seasonal trends of mosquitoes in a western region of Spain, assesses ecological determinants of Culex pipiens s.l., and determines form composition of Cx. pipiens s.s. populations. A total of 1,495 mosquitoes of 16 species was collected during 2012–2013, of which Cx. pipiens s.l. and Cx. theileri were the most abundant. Five new records for An. maculipennis s.s., Orthopodomyia pulcripalpis, Aedes (Ochlerotatus) punctor, Cx. europaeus, and Cx. modestus were found for this region. Cx. pipiens density varied across weather and habitat patterns, correlating positively with high temperatures and with a preference for urbanized areas and rural areas within a proximity of ovine farms. Moreover, molecular identification by CQ11FL was performed in 467 Cx. pipiens s.s., detecting both pipiens (66%) and molestus (8.4%) forms coexisting in different habitats (urban, peri-urban and rural) aboveground with a high degree of hybridization (25.7%). The abundance of Cx. pipiens in urban areas and farms, with the presence of hybrids, may increase their capacity to act as bridge vectors for the transmission of arboviral infections. These data will be helpful for further implementation of entomological programs focused on risk assessment for arboviruses or other mosquito-borne pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)p. 136-147
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Vector Ecology
VolumeVol. 42
Issue numbern.º 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Fingerprint

Culex
Culex pipiens
Culicidae
mosquito
Spain
fauna
Ecosystem
Orthopodomyia
Ochlerotatus
farm
Arboviruses
farms
arboviruses
Infectious Disease Transmission
Aedes
Weather
disease transmission
habitats
rural areas
new record

Keywords

  • CQ11FL
  • Culex pipiens
  • ecological factor
  • hybrids
  • molestus form
  • Spain

Cite this

Bravo-Barriga, Daniel ; Gomes, Bruno ; Almeida, Antonio P.G. ; Serrano Aguilera, Francisco Javier ; Pérez-Martín, Juan Enrique ; Calero-Bernal, Rafael ; Reina, David ; Frontera, Eva ; Pinto, João. / The mosquito fauna of the western region of Spain with emphasis on ecological factors and the characterization of Culex pipiens forms. In: Journal of Vector Ecology. 2017 ; Vol. Vol. 42, No. n.º 1. pp. p. 136-147.
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Bravo-Barriga, D, Gomes, B, Almeida, APG, Serrano Aguilera, FJ, Pérez-Martín, JE, Calero-Bernal, R, Reina, D, Frontera, E & Pinto, J 2017, 'The mosquito fauna of the western region of Spain with emphasis on ecological factors and the characterization of Culex pipiens forms', Journal of Vector Ecology, vol. Vol. 42, no. n.º 1, pp. p. 136-147. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvec.12248

The mosquito fauna of the western region of Spain with emphasis on ecological factors and the characterization of Culex pipiens forms. / Bravo-Barriga, Daniel; Gomes, Bruno; Almeida, Antonio P.G.; Serrano Aguilera, Francisco Javier; Pérez-Martín, Juan Enrique; Calero-Bernal, Rafael; Reina, David; Frontera, Eva; Pinto, João.

In: Journal of Vector Ecology, Vol. Vol. 42, No. n.º 1, 01.06.2017, p. p. 136-147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Pinto, João

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