The mercapturomic profile of health and non-communicable diseases

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Abstract

The mercapturate pathway is a unique metabolic circuitry that detoxifies electrophiles upon adducts formation with glutathione. Since its discovery over a century ago, most of the knowledge on the mercapturate pathway has been provided from biomonitoring studies on environmental exposure to toxicants. However, the mercapturate pathway-related metabolites that is formed in humans—the mercapturomic profile—in health and disease is yet to be established. In this paper, we put forward the hypothesis that these metabolites are key pathophysiologic factors behind the onset and development of non-communicable chronic inflammatory diseases. This review goes from the evidence in the formation of endogenous metabolites undergoing the mercapturate pathway to the methodologies for their assessment and their association with cancer and respiratory, neurologic and cardiometabolic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalHigh-Throughput
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Chronic inflammation
  • Cysteine-S-conjugates
  • Cysteinyl-leukotrienes
  • Disulfides
  • Dopamine
  • Estrogen
  • Mercapturate pathway
  • Metabolomics
  • N-acetyl-transferase 8

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