The individual realm of machine ethics: A survey

Luís Moniz Pereira, Ari Saptawijaya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In this chapter, a survey of research in machine ethics is presented, providing the context and the motivation for our investigations. The survey concerns the individual realm of machine ethics, whereas the background to other realm, the collective one, is broached in Chap. 9, namely Sects. 9.1 and 9.2.1. The first realm views computation as a vehicle for representing moral cognition of an agent and its reasoning thereof, which motivates our investigation for employing Logic Programming (LP) knowledge representation and reasoning features with respect to the individual realm of machine ethics. On the other hand, the second realm emphasizes the emergence, in a population, of evolutionarily stable moral norms, of fair and just cooperation, that ably discards free riders and deceivers, to the advantage of the whole evolved population. It provides a motivation of our research for introducing cognitive abilities, such as intention recognition, commitment, revenge, apology, and forgiveness, to reinforce the emergence of cooperation in the collective realm of machine ethics.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStudies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-29354-7
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-29353-0
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameStudies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
ISSN (Print)2192-6255
ISSN (Electronic)2192-6263


  • Logic Programming
  • Moral Decision
  • Inductive Logic Programming
  • Deontic Logic
  • Source Case


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