The (in)coherence-(in)effectiveness nexus of the EU’s Circular Energy System

Lucila de Almeida, Josephine A. W van Zeben

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Increasing the production of biogas and biofuels from biological waste and residues from agriculture, food, and forestry is central to achieving the EU’s circular energy system. The EU’s energy policies and laws setting production and consumption targets for those renewable sources need to be coherent with a plethora of other policies and legislative proposals that are rapidly being approved and becoming part of the EU legal framework.
This chapter formulates the hypothesis that the internal fragmentation of EU institutions into sector-based silos leads to two-pronged problem, captured in a “coherence-effectiveness nexus”. On the coherence side, the horizontal fragmentation of EU institutions into sector-based competencies may lead to incoherence of policy goals and measures across different sectors encompassing the EU’s circular energy system. This lack of coherence is then aggravated by a well-known EU governance issue, namely effectiveness’ issues caused by the vertical divergence of Member State transposition strategies. In this concluding chapter, we reflect on how these issues come to the fore in the preceding chapters.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Law in the EU's Circular Energy System
Subtitle of host publicationBiofuel, Biowaste and Biogas
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
ISBN (Print)978 1 80220 586 2
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Dec 2023


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