The impact of financial crises on the environment in developing countries

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This paper evaluates empirically the effect of financial crises on several types of pollutant emissions. We focus on a sample of 55 developing countries from 1980 until 2012 and rely on the local projection method to plot impulse response functions. Our results show that financial crises lead to a fall in CO2 emissions. Moreover, systemic crises increase consumption-based emissions, which suggests that this type of crises encourages the consumption of goods with an inferior environmental quality. A country hit by a sovereign debt crisis, experiences an increase in emissions stemming from energy related activities or industrial processes. During bad times, financial crises positively affect both methane and nitrous oxide emissions. Finally, in countries under fiscal retrenchment, a financial crisis leads to a negative response of CO2 emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-306
JournalAnnals of Finance
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


  • CO
  • Fiscal contractions
  • Greenhouse emissions
  • Impulse response function
  • Local projection
  • Recessions


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