The impact of blue light in monolayers representing tumorigenic and nontumorigenic cell membranes containing epigallocatechin-3-gallate

Filipa Pires, Gonçalo Magalhães-Mota, Vananélia P. N. Geraldo, Paulo A. Ribeiro, Osvaldo N. Oliveira, Maria Raposo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Natural products such as epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) have been suggested for complementary treatments of cancer, since they lower toxic side effects of anticancer drugs, and possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that inhibit carcinogenesis. Their effects on cancer cells depend on interactions with the membrane, which is the motivation to investigate Langmuir monolayers as simplified membrane models. In this study, EGCG was incorporated in zwitterionic dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl choline (DPPC) and anionic dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl serine (DPPS) Langmuir monolayers to simulate healthy and cancer cells membranes, respectively. EGCG induces condensation in surface pressure isotherms for both DPPC and DPPS monolayers, interacting mainly via electrostatic forces and hydrogen bonding with the choline and phosphate groups of the phospholipids, according to data from polarization-modulated infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS). Both monolayers become more compressible upon interaction with EGCG, which may be correlated to the synergy between EGCG and anticancer drugs reported in the literature. The interaction with EGCG is stronger for DPPC, leading to stronger morphological changes in Brewster angle microscopy (BAM) images and higher degree of condensation in the surface pressure isotherms. The changes induced by blue irradiation on DPPC and DPPS monolayers were largely precluded when EGCG was incorporated, thus confirming its antioxidant capacity for both types of membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111129
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


  • Antioxidant
  • Blue irradiation
  • EGCG
  • Herbal medicine
  • Langmuir monolayer


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