The illaenid trilobites vysocania (Vaněk & vokáč, 1997) and octillaenus (barrande, 1846) from the upper Ordovician of the Czech Republic, Portugal, Spain and Morocco

Sofia Pereira, Carlos Marques da Silva, Artur Abreu Sá, Miguel Pires, Armando Marques Guedes, Petr Budil, Lukáš Laibl, Isabel Rábano

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The illaenid trilobite Vysocania is widely represented in the Upper Ordovician of the Czech Republic, Portugal and Spain, and is one of the most characteristic taxa in the high-latitude peri-Gondwana palaeobiogeographical region to which it is endemic. Three species of the genus that were formerly assigned to Stenopareia and Zetillaenus, from the Czech Republic and Spain respectively, are herein revised, and a new species is described from the Czech Republic. The genus Octillaenus, of which a new species is described from the Upper Ordovician of Morocco, is considered to have arisen from Vysocania through paedomorphic (neotenic) processes. The relationships between Vysocania, Octillaenus, Stenopareia and Zetillaenus are reviewed and the criteria used in the definition of these taxa discussed. Species assigned to Vysocania are V. vaneki (type-species), V. iberica, V. moraveci sp. nov. and V. panderi; species assigned to Octillaenus are O. hisingeri (type-species) and O. marocanus sp. nov. Vysocania appears for the first time in the lower Berounian (Sandbian) and has its last undoubted record in the upper Berounian (upper Katian); Octillaenus is presently restricted to the Kralodvorian (upper Katian).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-490
Number of pages26
JournalBulletin of Geosciences
Volume92
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Dalmanitoidean Realm
  • High-latitude peri-Gondwana
  • Illaenidae
  • Stenopareia
  • Zetillaenus

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