The Forms of Martyrdom: Elements for the Iconographic Study of the Morocco Protomartyrs in Portugal (Thirteenth-Sixteenth Centuries)

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Abstract

The aim of the current article is to present the latest research endeavors dedicated to the hagiographic formulas from which the Protomartyrs of Morocco main artistic forms were conceived during the Late Middle Ages and the Early Modern Age in Portugal.

Based on the analysis of the main documentary sources and the interpretation
of the several artistic collections —mainly composed by reliquaries, paintings, and sculptures— it is possible to gather a set of specific elements to trace the iconographic major themes of the Five Franciscans martyrized in North Africa in 1220. Despite the evolution of devotional manifestations over time, the iconography maintained very conventional procedures, which are still evoked by the Catholic Church
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-171
Number of pages36
JournalImago Temporis. Medium Aevum
VolumeXVI
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Morocco Protomartyrs
  • Protomártires de Marrocos
  • Santos Mártires de Marrocos
  • Martyrdom and religious conflicts
  • Relics cult
  • Iconography
  • Portuguese Medieval Art

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