The first world war in Portuguese east Africa: Civilian and military encounters in the indian ocean

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Abstract

The Great War witnessed the most important military operation carried out by Portuguese troops outside the country's borders during the first half of the twentieth Century. Portugal was the only country involved in the conflict which, between 1914 and 1916, was able to preserve a position of undeclared neutrality in Europe and, simultaneously, wage war against Germany in Africa. The defense of the Portuguese colonial empire's integrity has often been signaled by historians as one of the factors which justified the declaration of war against Germany in March 1916 and Portugal's participation in the European theatre of operations alongside its ally, Great Britain, from early 1917 onwards. This article seeks to analyze the way in which the Great War was considered by the colonies, especially Mozambique, by discussing the Portuguese military intervention and the way it was understood and witnessed by civilian and military figures alike.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-104
Number of pages23
JournalE-Journal of Portuguese History
Volume15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • East Africa
  • Empire
  • Mobilization.
  • Mozambique
  • World War One

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