A longa “república das letras” e o século dos intelectuais: Notas para a história das bibliotecas no ocidente

Translated title of the contribution: The enduring “republic of letters” and the century of the intellectuals: Notes for a history of libraries in the west

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Este artigo se propõe a traçar conexões das metamorfoses da biblioteca no Ocidente com o sonho cosmopolita da “República das Letras” e a emergência da figura do intelectual. Busca-se compreender como e que transformações no mundo do saber se repercutiram nas biblioteca e nas suas concepções mais idealizadas.Com atenção para o caso português, a partir de ampla revisão bibliográfica e do cotejo com fontes, refletiu-se sobre a emergência do conceito de “República das Letras” no campo dos “intelectuais”, bem como acerca de suas conexões com o estudo de bibliotecas. Foi no chamado “Século das Luzes” que se consolidou o ideal enciclopédico do saber, em consórcio com o cosmopolitismo e a luta pela liberdade de crítica. A esta premissas e associou o renovamento das estruturas universitárias.

This article aims to trace the connections between the metamorphosis of the library in the West with the cosmopolitan dream of a “Republic of Letters” and the emergence of the figure of the intellectual. As such, it seeks to understand how and which transformations in the realm of knowledge will impact libraries and their more idealized conceptions. By way of an ample bibliographical review and a comparison with printed sources, reflections are made about the emergence of the concept of a “Republic of Letters” in the field of “intellectuals”, and the connections of this to the study of libraries is examined. The encyclopedic ideal of knowledge became consolidated during the so-called Age of Enlightenment, in parallel with cos-mopolitanism and the fight for freedom of conscience as well as the freedom to criticize. This main idea became associated with the renewal of European universities and their library infrastructures, the expansion of public readership, greater permission to take books home, and a more intense proliferation of private and specialized libraries. The library further materialized its totalizing vein, even while becoming more specialized, since the “democratization” brought about by the press has made it even more imperative to gather together, if not everything, at least the changing totality of what is relevant.
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)157-178
Number of pages21
JournalInvestigacion Bibliotecologica
Volume33
Issue number81
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • História do Livro
  • Bibliotecas
  • República das Letras
  • Intelectuais
  • Historia del Libro
  • República de las Letras
  • Intelectuales
  • History of Book
  • Libraries
  • Republic of Letters
  • Intellectuals

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