Consider the attractor A of a periodically forced equation of pendulum type with linear friction, in the cylinder. Levi and independently Min, Xian and Jinyan show that if the friction coefficient is larger than a certain bound then A is homeomorphic to the circle. We shall give a topological version of the definition of inversely unstable solution of N. Levinson and show that the appearance of such solutions imply that A is not homeomorphic to the circle. As an application we shall show that the bounds on the friction coefficient obtained before are optimal.
- Inversely unstable solution
- Rotation number