The effect of heating rate on the phase transformation of Ni/Ti multilayer thin films

A. J. Cavaleiro, A. S. Ramos, R. M.S. Martins, F. M. Braz Fernandes, M. T. Vieira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ni/Ti multilayer thin films prepared by dual cathode magnetron sputtering were annealed in vacuum at different heating rates. The structural evolution of the multilayer thin films with nanometric modulation periods was studied in-situ by x-ray diffraction using synchrotron radiation. Independently of the multilayer period, a single step rapid reaction occurs at temperatures above 300 °C with the formation of the B2-NiTi austenite phase. The transformation temperature is inversely proportional to the multilayers period (higher temperature for shorter period - 12 nm) and to the heating rate (lower temperature for faster heating rates).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-25
Number of pages3
JournalVacuum
Volume139
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

Keywords

  • Heating rate
  • Multilayer thin films
  • NiTi
  • Phase transformation
  • Synchrotron radiation

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