The effect of enzyme replacement therapy on clinical outcomes in male patients with Fabry disease: A systematic literature review by a European panel of experts

Dominique P. Germain, Perry M. Elliott, Bruno Falissard, Victor V. Fomin, Max J. Hilz, Ana Jovanovic, Ilkka Kantola, Aleš Linhart, Renzo Mignani, Mehdi Namdar, Albina Nowak, João Paulo Oliveira, Maurizio Pieroni, Miguel Viana-Baptista, Christoph Wanner, Marco Spada

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human α-galactosidase has been available for the treatment of Fabry disease since 2001 in Europe and 2003 in the USA. Treatment outcomes with ERT are dependent on baseline patient characteristics, and published data are derived from heterogeneous study populations. Methods: We conducted a comprehensive systematic literature review of all original articles on ERT in the treatment of Fabry disease published up until January 2017. This article presents the findings in adult male patients. Results: Clinical evidence for the efficacy of ERT in adult male patients was available from 166 publications including 36 clinical trial publications. ERT significantly decreases globotriaosylceramide levels in plasma, urine, and in different kidney, heart, and skin cell types, slows the decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate, and reduces/stabilizes left ventricular mass and cardiac wall thickness. ERT also improves nervous system, gastrointestinal, pain, and quality of life outcomes. Conclusions: ERT is a disease-specific treatment for patients with Fabry disease that may provide clinical benefits on several outcomes and organ systems. Better outcomes may be observed when treatment is started at an early age prior to the development of organ damage such as chronic kidney disease or cardiac fibrosis. Consolidated evidence suggests a dose effect. Data described in male patients, together with female and paediatric data, informs clinical practice and therapeutic goals for individualized treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100454
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • adult male patients
  • agalsidase alfa
  • agalsidase beta
  • enzyme replacement therapy
  • Fabry disease
  • systematic literature review

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