The education-related digital divide: An analysis for the EU-28

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This paper addresses the international and internal digital divides that exist across and within the European member states according to the educational attainment of their populations. Our results suggest that even for those European countries that are outperforming their counterparts in terms of digital development, such as Finland, some internal gaps still remain and need to be addressed. In other countries, as in the cases of Malta, Spain, and Portugal, the divides are a matter for concern. These findings would probably be overlooked if we worked only with aggregate levels, as is usual. Consequently, this paper draws attention to the importance of complementing cross-country analysis of the digital divide with an assessment of internal gaps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-82
Number of pages11
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Digital agenda
  • Digital development
  • Digital divide
  • Education
  • European union
  • ICT


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