The direct effects of a tropical natural humic substance to three aquatic species and its influence on their sensitivity to copper

Domingos S. Barbosa, Danilo S. Barbosa, Evaldo L. G. Espíndola, Michiel A. Daam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Few studies have been conducted so far into the effects of humic substances (HS) on aquatic organisms and their influence on the toxicity of chemical pollutants in the tropics. The aim of the present study was therefore to evaluate the direct effects of locally-derived tropical natural HS on the cladoceran Daphnia similis, the midge Chironomus xanthus and the fish Danio rerio. The influence of a HS concentration series on the acute toxicity of copper to these organisms was also assessed through laboratory toxicity testing. The HS did not exert direct acute effects on the test organisms, but long-term exposure to higher HS concentrations provoked a stress response (increase in feces production) to D. rerio and exerted effects on chironomid adult emergence and sex ratio. The biotic ligand model proved to be a useful tool in converting total copper concentrations to the appropriate bio-available fraction to which tropical aquatic organisms are exposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-558
Number of pages9
JournalEcotoxicology
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Aquatic ecotoxicology
  • Biotic ligand model
  • Copper
  • Humic substances
  • Metal toxicity
  • Tropics

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