Os dilemas da renovação na continuidade e o legado de Marcello Caetano: do outono ao inverno

Translated title of the contribution: The dilemmas of renewal in continuity and the legacy of Marcello Caetano: from autumn to winter

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Abstract

Este artigo apresenta uma análise da liderança política de Marcello Caetano entre
1970 e 1974. Contextualiza as principais decisões de Marcello e desenvolve uma
análise do período pós-primaveril do seu governo. O artigo centra-se nos dilemas
de Marcello relativamente às oportunidades de mudança e de evolução do
regime autoritário português e está dividido em duas partes. Na primeira, o
outono marcelista, analisamos as suas tentativas de renovação na continuidade.
Na segunda, o inverno marcelista, analisamos as causas e consequências da
incapacidade crescente de Marcello gerir os constrangimentos e anacronismos
do regime autoritário e imperial português.

This article provides a contextualization of the birth of the Foreign Policy Analysis (FPA). It presents a historiographic analysis of the FPA invention and its relationship with the formative years of the discipline of International Relations (IR). Its purpose is to illuminate the relationship between history and the theory of the origin of the FPA as an autonomous field of study. The article is organized into three parts. First, it identifies the European and US origins of the study of foreign policy and its connection with policy sciences. Second, it relates the emergence of Realism with the traditional study of foreign policy and synthesizes the main theoretical and methodological criticisms introduced by the FPA. Finally, it presents an analysis of the main theoretical frameworks and innovations of the approaches that invented FPA. The article defends two arguments. First, the invention of the FPA is inscribed in a historical and academic context of a protest against the traditional view of thinking and studying foreign policy. Second, it is necessary to assume the interconnection between historical and scientific contexts in the theoretical evolution of IR and FPA.
Translated title of the contributionThe dilemmas of renewal in continuity and the legacy of Marcello Caetano: from autumn to winter
Original languagePortuguese
Article numbere0205
Pages (from-to)1-36
Number of pages36
JournalTempo e Argumento
Volume12
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020

Keywords

  • Marcello Caetano
  • 1906-1980
  • Portugal - New State
  • Authoritarianism
  • Elites
  • Autoritarismo
  • Portugal - Estado Novo

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