The dialectics of human resource management in Cuba

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Dialectical theory is applied to the examination of how institutional and organizational level changes are leading to a new human resource management (HRM) paradigm in Cuba. The paper starts with a general overview of economy and enterprise in Cuba, which serves to expose the nature of the pressures and contradictions facing managers and organizations in this country. Based on a focus group study, an analysis of the process of change in the HRM paradigm as perceived by a sample of Cuban managers is presented. The emerging dialectical paradigm is to a great extent influenced by the institutional context, namely by the control of the state. The state's role in the protection of the communist principles, combined with the need to open the economy to the logic of the market, is constituting a singular case in the world of management in general and of HRM in particular: that of a communist country with an increasingly market-based economy, where the socialist cadre is simultaneously becoming a market-oriented HR manager.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1280-1292
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal Of Human Resource Management
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2004


  • Communism
  • Cuba
  • Dialectics
  • HRM
  • Market


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