The controversial p.Met34Thr variant in GJB2 gene: Two siblings, one genotype, two phenotypes

Ana Rita Lameiras, Ana Cláudia Gonçalves, Ricardo Santos, Assunção O'Neill, Luís Roque dos Reis, Tiago Daniel Matos, Graça Fialho, Helena Caria, Pedro Escada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Recent advances in molecular genetics have increased the identification of genes and mutations responsible for inherited forms of hearing loss (HL), enabling early detection of these cases. Approximately, 60% of early-onset HL cases are due to genetic causes, of which 70% are non-syndromic. Of these, 75-80% are inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern (DFNB). Mutations in GJB2 gene, coding for connexin 26 (Cx26), are the major cause of autosomal recessive hereditary HL, but some GJB2 mutations are yet of unclear or controversial significance. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to identify the etiology of hearing loss, and correlate genotype-phenotype, in two Portuguese siblings with profound and moderate non-syndromic sensorineural bilateral HL. Material and Methods: The affected subjects and their parents underwent audiological and genetic study. Molecular analysis of GJB2 gene was performed, searching for mutations in the coding region and receptor splicing site by automated sequencing. Results: The onset and the degree of HL were different in the two affected subjects. However, the same GJB2 genotype [p.Met34Thr]. +. [p.Arg184Pro] was identified in both siblings. The c.551G. >. C (p.Arg184Pro) and c.101T. >. C (p.Met34Thr) missense variants were inherited from the father and mother, respectively, both heterozygous carriers of these variants. Conclusion: The clinical and genetic data here presented suggest that the non-syndromic sensorineural HL of these two Portuguese siblings might be due to the presence of p.Met34Thr and p.Arg184Pro variants in compound heterozygosity. If so, p.Met34Thr variant could have function as a hypomorphic allele that may cause HL depending on the opposing GJB2 allele. The observed phenotypic variability may not, however, be solely explained by variable expression of this genotype. A putative modifier gene or mutations in another HL-associated gene could probably be contributing to the severe HL in one of the siblings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1316-1319
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume79
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • GJB2 p.Met34Thr pathogenesis
  • Non-syndromic hearing loss

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