The competitive implications of the deployment of unique resources

Luís Almeida Costa, Karel Cool, Ingemar Dierickx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The 'resource-based' view focuses on unique resources as the fundamental sources of competitive advantage and superior profits. We use a game-theoretic model to analyze the impact of the deployment of unique resources on product market competition, and the impact of unique resources and sustainable competitive advantages on profits when the competitive implications of resource deployment are taken into account. We find that some of the core propositions of the resource-based view do not necessarily hold when the impact of resource deployment on product market competition is explicitly considered. Specifically, the accumulation and deployment of unique resources does not necessarily increase the firm's profit and the difference between its profit and competitors' profits. Furthermore, achieving a sustainable competitive advantage does not necessarily lead to higher profits

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-463
Number of pages19
JournalStrategic Management Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013


  • competitive advantage
  • competitive implications of resources
  • formal modeling
  • resource deployment
  • resource-based view


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