Platelets are known to undergo shape change, activation, a release reaction and apoptosis/necrosis during processing and storage, all of which are collectively known as the platelet storage lesion. Any additional processing may have some deleterious impact on platelet activability and functional integrity, which need to be investigated. This preliminary investigation was undertaken to establish the combined effects of standard platelet storage media and the intercept pathogen reduction technology on platelet activation and activability during 7 day storage, using buffy-coat derived platelets in standard storage media containing 35% plasma (N=24). P-selectin (CD62p) expression, a classical marker of platelet activation, and phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure on the platelet surface membrane, a hallmark of cellular necrosis/apoptosis, were both measured by flow cytometry. The results reveal significant increases in activation, from an average of 22.7% on day 1 before treatment to 31.6% on day 2 after treatment and 58.7% at the end of storage. Concomitantly, the basal expression of PS was slightly increased from 1.9% to 2.8% at day 2 after treatment and 7.3% at the end of storage. However, the functional reserve of platelets during storage, which reflects their capability to undergo activation and the release reaction when platelets were challenged with either calcium ionophore or thrombin, was relatively well maintained. These preliminary data confirm the earlier data on the use of intercept, and for the first time, based on the assessment of platelet functional integrity, suggest that platelet functional reserve is relatively well maintained, with little change in the formation of apoptotic cells.
Carvalho, M. H. D. C. R. D., & Trindade, H. F. B. (2006). The combined effect of platelet storage media and intercept pathogen reduction technology on platelet activation/activability and cellular apoptosis/necrosis: Lisbon-RBS experience. Transfusion And Apheresis Science, 34(2), 187-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.transci.2005.09.041