The C-terminal domains of two homologous Oleaceae beta-1,3-glucanases recognise carbohydrates differently: Laminarin binding by NMR

Hector Zamora-Carreras, Maria Torres, Noemi Bustamante, Maria dos Anjos López de Macedo, Rosalia Rodriguez, Mayte Villalba, Marta Bruix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ole e 9 and Fra e 9 are two allergenic beta-1,3-glucanases from olive and ash tree pollens, respectively. Both proteins present a modular structure with a catalytic N-terminal domain and a carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) at the C-terminus. Despite their significant sequence resemblance, they differ in some functional properties, such as their catalytic activity and the carbohydrate-binding ability. Here, we have studied the different capability of the recombinant C-terminal domain of both allergens to bind laminarin by NMR titrations, binding assays and ultracentrifugation. We show that rCtD-Ole e 9 has a higher affinity for laminarin than rCtD-Fra e 9. The complexes have different exchange regimes on the NMR time scale in agreement with the different affinity for laminarin observed in the biochemical experiments. Utilising NMR chemical shift perturbation data, we show that only one side of the protein surface is affected by the interaction and that the binding site is located in the inter-helical region between alpha(1) and alpha(2), which is buttressed by aromatic side chains. The binding surface is larger in rCtD-Ole e 9 which may account for its higher affinity for laminarin relative to rCtD-Fra e 9. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-101
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume580
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Fra e 9
  • Ole e 9
  • Allergy
  • Ash pollen
  • beta-1,3-Glucanase
  • Carbohydrate-binding protein
  • NMR
  • OLIVE TREE POLLEN
  • BACKBONE DYNAMICS
  • MAJOR ALLERGEN
  • PROTEIN
  • TOBACCO
  • MODULES
  • EXPRESSION
  • RELAXATION
  • MECHANISM
  • OLE-E-9

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