THE BRAZILIAN HIGHER EDUCATION: THE UNDERGRADUATE COURSES IN LIGHT OF ITS RECENT POLICIES

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Higher Education has been considered of unprecedented relevance when it comes to the effects of globalization on countries as they are responsible for people’s training and knowledge generation. HEIs cannot avoid the inevitable global environment, as they are more exposed to the inequalities among the
best-internationalized institutions as part of the world system of Higher Education. Despite, they continue to be confronted with some challenges as access, equity, quality and relevance. The Higher Education System in Brazil is the most extensive higher education system and the one who has relied the most on the private for-profit sector among the Latin America countries, and its university governance has assumed characteristics that you do not necessarily see elsewhere. Thus, this research addresses a significant gap: the limited studies considering the context of the HEIs in developing countries. Based on
this context, this paper proposes to present an overview of the Brazilian Higher Education to discuss its characteristics, based on the literature review, and to analyze the data of the undergraduate courses, from 2010 to 2015, organized according to the OECD main areas and based on the Higher Education Census
microdata. It intends to contribute to a more strategic view concerning the offer conditions of the HEIs, identifying its most recent trends and challenges. We adopted an exploratory and descriptive research methodology and followed an inductive approach to a quantitative research strategy. We used an artificial
type of Neural Network (ANN), the Self-Organizing Map (SOM) technique, as a method of data analysis, as it mapped data in an easily interpreted form, capable of organizing large, complex datasets robustly and reliably. The main conclusions of the paper were that students have access to the tertiary level of
study, mainly in science and engineering fields, areas of preference among abroad students. In Brazil, the findings pointed out the opposite, as the Brazilian Higher Education was concentrated mainly in Education and Social Sciences, Business and Law areas.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEducation and New Developments 2019
EditorsMafalda Carmo
Place of PublicationLisboa
PublisherInScience Press
Pages371-375
VolumeII
ISBN (Print)978-989-54312-6-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2019
EventInternational Conference on Education and New Developments -
Duration: 22 Jun 201924 Jun 2019
Conference number: 2019

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Education and New Developments
Abbreviated titleEND 2019
Period22/06/1924/06/19

Keywords

  • Knowledge discovery
  • Higher education
  • Higher education institutions
  • Self-organizing map

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