The B2B-RELPERF scale and scorecard: Bringing relationship marketing theory into business-to-business practice

Luís Filipe Lages, Andrew Lancastre, Carmen Lages

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


It is becoming increasingly important from both theoretical and managerial perspectives to measure Customer Relationship Management (CRM) as a key intangible asset, This paper seeks to bring relationship marketing theory into practice by developing a new measure of relationship performance between two firms, the business-to-business relationship performance (B2B-RELPERF) scale. Survey findings from a sample of approximately 400 purchasing managers operating in a B2B c-marketplace reveal that relationship performance is a high-order concept, composed of several distinct, yet related, dimensions: (1) relationship policies and practices, (2) relationship commitment; (3) trust in the relationship, (4) mutual cooperation; and (5) relationship satisfaction. Findings reveal that the B2B-RELPERF scale relates positively and significantly with customer loyalty. The paper also presents the B2B-RELPERF balanced scorecard, which combines tangible and intangible metrics. While existing IT solutions usually focus exclusively on the use of tangible CRM indicators, this new tool includes the "voice of the customer". At the managerial level, both the scale and scorecard could act as useful instruments for short- and long-term management, controlling, planning, and improvement of B2B relationships. Implications for relationship marketing theory are also presented. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-697
JournalIndustrial Marketing Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008


  • relationship marketing theory
  • balanced scorecard
  • electronic markets
  • e-commerce
  • e-marketplace
  • performance measurement
  • CRM
  • B2B
  • purchasing


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