The association between physical activity and chronic diseases in European adults

Adilson Marques, Teresa Santos, João Martins, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Miguel González Valeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality and are considered to be at epidemic levels worldwide. This is a cross-sectional multi-country study based on data from the European Social Survey round 7, 2014, comprising 30,826 participants (14,813 men) with mean age 50.4 ± 18.0. Physical activity and chronic diseases were self-reported. Men and women who practiced physical activity more often had lower odds of having heart problems, breathing problems, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. Engaged in physical activity 2-4 times/week and ≥5 times/week decrease the odds of having heart problems, high blood pressure, breathing problems, type 2 diabetes, and obesity, compared with men and women who engaged in physical activity 1 or less times per week. For the women, the practice of physical activity ≥5 times/week was significantly and negatively associated with having cancer, when compared with women who engaged in physical activity 1 or less times per week. Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of chronic diseases, in particular: heart problems, high blood pressure, breathing problems, allergies, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. Furthermore, even small amounts of weekly physical activity seem to decrease the risk of chronic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-149
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean journal of sport science
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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