The nineteenth-century concern with establishing the idea of literature led to the (re)discovery of specific verse lines from peninsular ballads in various works of Portuguese authors contemporary with Garcia de Resende, Luís de Camões and Francisco Manuel de Melo (including themselves). With the Romantic perspective and that of the philology of the era now behind us, and having revised the main theories on Intertextuality formulated in the late 20th century, this essay focuses on these interpolations in the Portuguese Literature context. They are interpreted here as allusive devices with musical, poetic and semantic effects as diverse and precise as they are essential from the standpoint of view of the creative poetic paradigm in which they flourished. Through the combinatorial identification between the referred ballads and the interpretation of the meaning and function of the incorporations we are given textual meanings that are not immediately perceived by a first reading.
- Peninsular old ballads
- Portuguese literature