Testing Durability on Construction Materials

Carlos Chastre, Paulina Faria, José Neves, Marco Ludovico-Marques, Hugo Biscaia, Lina Nunes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The durability of construction materials is a key concern and can be related to different actions such as weathering conditions outdoors enhanced by climatic change, chemical and biological attack, abrasion, and other conditions of service over time. Frequently, several actions develop simultaneously, making it difficult to reproduce in situ conditions in laboratory. Furthermore, testing to assess durability depends largely on the nature of the material itself or on the way it has been assembled with other materials. The ageing techniques to assess long-term durability performance of construction materials are based on accelerated durability tests, which include, for example, thermal stress, freeze–thaw cycles, air pressure, salt crystallization, chemical weathering, and ultraviolet radiation. These tests allow the assessment of the materials’ structural integrity, as well as their aesthetics. In this chapter, the main trends on durability tests on construction materials, such as clay-based, cementitious and polymeric composites, natural stone, metals, wood, and bituminous binders and mixtures, will be presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances on Testing and Experimentation in Civil Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationMaterials, Structures and Buildings
EditorsCarlos Chastre, José Neves, Diogo Ribeiro, Maria Graça Neves, Paulina Faria
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-23888-8
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-23887-1
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameSpringer Tracts in Civil Engineering
ISSN (Print)2366-259X
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2603


  • Biological agents
  • Bituminous binders and mixtures
  • Brick
  • Cementitious composites
  • Clayish materials
  • Frost
  • Natural stone
  • Polymeric composites
  • Salts
  • UV radiation
  • Weathering
  • Wood


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