Synthesis of new chiral amines with a cyclic 1,2-diacetal skeleton derived from (2R, 3R)-(+)-tartaric acid

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Abstract

The syntheses of new chiral cyclic 1,2-diacetals from (2R, 3R)-(+)-tartaric acid are described. C2-symmetrical diamines were prepared via direct amidation of the tartrate or from the corresponding bismesylate via reaction with sodium azide. For C1-symmetrical compounds, the Appel reaction was used to form the key intermediate, a monochlorocarbinol, from the diol. Some of the new chiral compounds, produced in good to high yields, may be potentially useful as asymmetric organocatalysts or as nitrogen and sulfur chelating ligands for asymmetric metal catalyzed reactions. Thus, a bis-N-methyl-methanamine derivative, used in substoichiometric amounts, was found to catalyze the enantioselective addition of cyclohexanone to (E)-β-nitrostyrene with high diastereoselectivity (syn / anti = 92:8), albeit giving moderate optical purity (syn: 30 %).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-196
Number of pages20
JournalMolecules
Volume11
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2006

Keywords

  • 1,2-diacetals
  • Asymmetric Michael additions
  • Chiral amines
  • Chiral ligands
  • Organocatalysts

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