Synthesis of Long ZnO Nanorods under Microwave Irradiation or Conventional Heating

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Abstract

The present work reports the synthesis of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures produced either under microwave irradiation using low cost domestic microwave equipment or by conventional heating, both under hydrothermal conditions. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, room/low temperature photoluminescence, and Raman spectroscopy have been used to investigate the structure, morphology, and optical properties of the produced ZnO nanorods. Identical structures with aspect ratio up to 13 have been achieved for both synthesis routes displaying similar final properties. The hexagonal wurtzite structure has been identified, and a red-orange emission has been detected in the presence of UV irradiation for all the conditions studied. Thermal stability of the as-prepared nanostructures has been evaluated through thermogravimetric measurements revealing an increase of superficial defects. The as-prepared ZnO nanorods were tested as UV sensors on paper substrate, which led to fast response (30 s) and rapid recovery (100 s) times, as well as sensitivity up to 10 indicating that these materials may have a high potential in low cost, disposable UV photodetector applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14629-14639
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume118
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2014

Keywords

  • ZINC-OXIDE NANOPARTICLES
  • SENSITIZED SOLAR-CELLS
  • HYDROTHERMAL METHOD
  • OPTICAL-PROPERTIES
  • DIFFERENT SHAPES
  • NANOTUBE ARRAYS
  • LASER-ABLATION
  • GAN NANOWIRES
  • PHOTOLUMINESCENCE
  • NANOSTRUCTURES

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