Background: Early-stage oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) can currently be treated by surgical resection or definitive radiotherapy (RT). The aim of this study is to review the outcomes of early-stage OPSCC submitted to surgery or primary RT. Preliminary results have shown similar overall survival (OS) and locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS).
Material/Methods: Retrospective study of patients with cT1-T2 cN0-N1 OPSCC, diagnosed between January 2009 and December 2014, treated with surgery or primary RT.
Results: 61 patients with cT1-T2 cN0-N1 OPSCC were included. Forty-two (69%) were submitted to surgical resection, of which 37 (88%) had adjuvant treatment (24 received RT and 13 chemoradiotherapy). Nineteen (31%) were treated with primary RT, and 3 of them had concurrent chemotherapy. RT was given with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) (71%) or three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) (29%). At a median follow-up of 5.4 years, there were 3 tumor persistences, 5 local failures, 2 regional failures and no distant metastasis. The 3-year and 5-year OS were 77% and 71% in the RT group vs. 71% and 59% in the surgery group, respectively (HR 0.60, 95% CI 0.22-1.61;p = 0.30). The 3-year and 5-year LRFS were 71% and 64% in the RT group vs. 66% and 50% in the surgery group, respectively (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.24-1.45;p = 0.24). Up to 34% had acute grade 3 toxicity and 11% had grade 4 osteoradionecrosis of the jaw.
Conclusions: Longer follow-up still does not show a significant difference in OS and LRFS between both treatments. Because most patients submitted to surgery required adjuvant RT and since its side-effects were not negligible, further studies are warranted to better suit the first treatment for each patient and to prevent the need for adjuvant treatment and the risk of toxicity.
- Journal Article