High potential iron–sulfur proteins (HiPIPs) are a class of small proteins (50–100 aa residues), containing a 4Fe–4S iron–sulfur cluster. The 4Fe–4S cluster shuttles between the oxidation states [Fe4S4]3+/2+, with a positive redox potential in the range (500–50 mV) throughout the different known HiPIPs. Both oxidation states are paramagnetic at room temperature. HiPIPs are electron transfer proteins, isolated from photosynthetic bacteria and usually provide electrons to the photosynthetic reaction-center. PioC, the HIPIP isolated from Rhodopseudomonas palustris TIE-1, is the smallest among all known HiPIPs. Despite their small dimensions, an extensive NMR assignment is only available for two of them, because paramagnetism prevents the straightforward assignment of all resonances. We report here the complete NMR assignment of 1H, 13C and 15N signals for the reduced [Fe4S4]2+ state of the protein. A set of double and triple resonance experiments performed with standardized parameters/datasets provided the assignment of about 72% of the residues. The almost complete resonance assignment (99.5% of backbone and ca. 90% of side chain resonances) was achieved by combining the above information with those obtained using a second set of NMR experiments, in which acquisition and processing parameters, as well as pulse sequences design, were optimized to account for the peculiar features of this paramagnetic protein.
- Fast nuclear relaxation
- High potential iron–sulfur proteins
- Paramagnetic NMR