Suicide in Portugal: Spatial determinants in a context of economic crisis

Paula Santana, Cláudia Costa, Graça Cardoso, Adriana Loureiro, João Ferrão

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)


This study compares the existing statistical association between suicide mortality and the characteristics of places of residence (municipalities), before and during the current economic crisis, in Portugal. We found that (1) the traditional culture-based North/South pattern of suicidal behaviour has faded away, while the socioeconomic urban/rural divide has become more pronounced; (2) suicide is associated with higher levels of rurality and material deprivation; and (3) recent shifts in suicidal trends may result from the current period of crisis. Strategies targeting rural areas combined with public policies that address area deprivation may have important implications for tackling suicide. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalHealth & Place
Issue numberNA
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015


  • Suicide
  • Material deprivation
  • Rurality
  • Spatial determinants
  • Economic crisis


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