Suicidality in primary care patients who present with sadness and anhedonia: A prospective European study

Berta Moreno-Küstner, Rebeca Jones, Igor Švab, Heidi Maaroos, Miguel Xavier, Mirjam Geerlings, Francisco Torres-González, Irwin Nazareth, Emma Motrico-Martínez, Carmen Montón-Franco, María José Gil-de-Gómez, Marta Sánchez-Celaya, Miguel Ángel Díaz-Barreiros, Catalina Vicens-Caldentey, Michael King

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Abstract

Background: Sadness and anhedonia (loss of interest in activities) are central symptoms of major depression. However, not all people with these symptoms meet diagnostic criteria for major depression. We aimed to assess the importance of suicidality in the outcomes for primary care patients who present with sadness and anhedonia. Method: Cohort study of 2,599 unselected primary care attenders in six European countries followed up at 6 and 12 months. Results: 1) In patients with sadness and/or anhedonia who were not depressed at entry to the study, suicide plans (OR = 3.05; 95 % CI = 1.50-6.24; p = 0.0022) and suicide attempts (OR = 9.08; 95 % CI = 2.57-32.03; p = 0.0006) were significant predictors of developing new onset depression at 6 or 12 months. 2) In patients with sadness and/or anhedonia who met CIDI criteria for major depression at entry, suicidal ideation (OR = 2.93; 95 % CI = 1.70-5.07; p = 0.0001), suicide plans (OR = 3.70; 95 % CI = 2.08-6.57; p < 0.0001), and suicide attempts (OR = 3.33; 95 % CI = 1.47-7.54; p = 0.0040) were significant predictors of persistent depression at 6 or 12 months. Conclusions: Three questions on suicidality could help primary care professionals to assess such patients more closely without necessarily establishing whether they meet criteria for major depression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number94
JournalBMC Psychiatry
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Anhedonia
  • Cohort
  • Depression
  • Primary care
  • Risk
  • Suicidality

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