Study on Brazilian 18th century imperial carriage using x-ray nondestructive techniques

R. C. Nardes, M. S. Silva, A. N. S. Rezier, F. A. C. R. A. Sanches, H. S. Gama Filho, Ramon Silva dos Santos, Davi F. Oliveira, R. T. Lopes, M. L. Carvalho, R. Cesareo, E. M. Zanatta, J. T. Assis, M. J. Anjos

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


In this study was verified the presence of gold in the coatings of the emperor D. Pedro's II Berlin device, part of the Imperial Museum of Petropolis collection, Brazil. The perform was evaluation of the thickness of the gold leaf, using the technique of X-Ray Fluorescence, measuring peak intensities (Kα / Kβ or Lα / Lβ) of the elements of interest in the layer. It was possible to verify in the XRF spectra the presence of four elements: Ti, Fe, Au and Pb. The Pb was present in all sampling points, which indicates the presence of lead carbonate (lead-white) as preparation layer. The presence of Au in some sampling points indicates that several parts of the Berlin devices were covered with gold leaf. The presence of Ti and Fe is due to the application of golden mica over the entire length of the berlin device during the process of last restoration. The presence of the mica layer on the gold covering was relevant for gold thickness determination. The average value of the gold thickness obtained was 0.6 ± 0.5 µm, with a coefficient of variation of 83% and a confidence interval of 0.5–0.8 µm (α = 0.05). The values are compatible with the thickness of gold foil normally found in the coating of pieces of wood from the same period that the Berlin device was built.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-78
Number of pages5
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Issue numberSI
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
EventInternational Forum on Advances in Radiation Physics - Buenos Aires, Argentina
Duration: 4 May 20175 May 2017


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