Structures of the Inhibitory Receptor Siglec-8 in Complex with a High-Affinity Sialoside Analogue and a Therapeutic Antibody

Maria Pia Lenza, Unai Atxabal, Corwin Nycholat, Iker Oyenarte, Antonio Franconetti, Jon Imanol Quintana, Sandra Delgado, Reyes Núñez-Franco, Carmen Teresa Garnica Marroquín, Helena Coelho, Luca Unione, Gonzalo Jiménez-Oses, Filipa Marcelo, Mario Schubert, James C. Paulson, Jesús Jiménez-Barbero, June Ereño-Orbea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Human sialic acid binding immunoglobulin-like lectin-8 (Siglec-8) is an inhibitory receptor that triggers eosinophil apoptosis and can inhibit mast cell degranulation when engaged by specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) or sialylated ligands. Thus, Siglec-8 has emerged as a critical negative regulator of inflammatory responses in diverse diseases, such as allergic airway inflammation. Herein, we have deciphered the molecular recognition features of the interaction of Siglec-8 with the mAb lirentelimab (2C4, under clinical development) and with a sialoside mimetic with the potential to suppress mast cell degranulation. The three-dimensional structure of Siglec-8 and the fragment antigen binding (Fab) portion of the anti-Siglec-8 mAb 2C4, solved by X-ray crystallography, reveal that 2C4 binds close to the carbohydrate recognition domain (V-type Ig domain) on Siglec-8. We have also deduced the binding mode of a high-affinity analogue of its sialic acid ligand (9-N-napthylsufonimide-Neu5Ac, NSANeuAc) using a combination of NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. Our results show that the sialoside ring of NSANeuAc binds to the canonical sialyl binding pocket of the Siglec receptor family and that the high affinity arises from the accommodation of the NSA aromatic group in a nearby hydrophobic patch formed by the N-terminal tail and the unique G-G' loop. The results reveal the basis for the observed high affinity of this ligand and provide clues for the rational design of the next generation of Siglec-8 inhibitors. Additionally, the specific interactions between Siglec-8 and the N-linked glycans present on the high-affinity receptor FcϵRIα have also been explored by NMR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-215
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number1
Early online date23 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2023


  • antibody
  • NMR
  • sialic acid
  • Siglec
  • X-ray crystallography


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