Structure and Dynamic Properties of a Glycerol-Betaine Deep Eutectic Solvent: When Does a des Become an Aqueous Solution?

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Abstract

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are an emerging class of green solvents with a wide spectrum of potential applications whose properties may be further tailored through the addition of water. Here, we study, through molecular dynamics, the influence of water on the properties of a betaine-glycerol-water (B:G:W) DES (1:2:ζ ζ = 0 to 100), aiming at getting insight into the structural and dynamic crossover between a DES and an aqueous solution. The density, shear viscosity, and diffusion coefficients are found to exhibit a non-linear dependence of ζ, similar to that observed for the solvation layers' composition. Each Gly and Bet are replaced, respectively, by ∼3 and ∼5 water molecules, with the highest rates of depletion being found for Gly around Bet and Gly around Gly. Above ζ = 7 (70 mol %; 29.5 wt %), a major structural transformation occurs, with the complete disruption of the second Bet-Gly solvation layer and the formation of a new second layer at a shorter distance, accompanied by a sudden change in the rate of increase of the components' diffusion. Nonetheless, opposite to other DES, our results indicate a smooth crossover between a DES and an aqueous solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3501-3512
Number of pages12
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • diffusion
  • green solvents
  • molecular dynamics
  • structure
  • viscosity

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