Structural integrity analyses of two gas turbines exhaust systems used for naval propulsion

António Soares, Rui F. Martins, António F. Rodrigues Mateus

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Heating and cooling cycles, as well as accelerations and decelerations, to which naval gas turbine's exhaust systems under study are submitted to, could lead to the nucleation and propagation of cracks, and result in the reduction of its expected fatigue life. The paper herein presented refers to the numerical simulations of the mechanical and thermal behaviours of two different gas turbine's exhaust systems used in naval propulsion. In addition, some experimental values that were collected, namely temperature and pressure, served as input values for the finite element analyses carried out. The analyses made to the exhaust systems revealed the existence of high stresses near the lower support flanges, which are mainly caused by the non-uniform thermal expansion that the exhaust systems are subjected to. Additionally, redesigned exhaust systems were studied in order to enhance the thermal behaviour of the exhaust systems and, therefore, increasing its fatigue life. The modifications introduced in the exhaust systems resulted in the reduction of the induced stresses. However, frequent surveys should be performed to the critical welds of the exhaust systems, in order to prevent crack propagation from the weld toes. Moreover, high quality fabrication is required in order to avoid the presence of initial defects in the structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-646
Number of pages7
JournalProcedia Structural Integrity
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Event2nd International Conference on Structural Integrity (ICSI) - Funchal, Portugal
Duration: 4 Sep 20177 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • AISI 316L
  • Design
  • exhaust systems
  • gas turbine
  • naval propulsion
  • structural assessment
  • Structural integrity

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