The primary (if not only) natural habitat of Streptococcus pneumoniae on this planet is the nasopharynx of preschool-age children, and antibiotics and vaccines not only combat pneumococcal disease but also drive the evolution of drug-resistant and novel capsular types of this species. In this sense, humans are not only targets but also evolutionary partners of S. pneumoniae as well.
|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of microbiology|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2009|