Strategies to alleviate salinity stress in plants

Sara Francisco Costa, Davide Martins, Monika Agacka-Moldoch, Anna Czubacka, Susana de Sousa Araújo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Soil salinization is a major threat to agriculture in arid and semiarid regions. Besides the identification and use of salt-adapted species or cultivars in saline areas, the use of treatments to alleviate the effects of salinity stress is a promising solution to ensure crop production in such adverse conditions. Chemical, biological, and physical treatments are being successfully applied to seeds, seedlings, or plants before exposure to salinity stress. These treatments activate physiological and molecular pathways enabling the seed or plant to respond more quickly and/or more vigorously after exposure to salinity. Coupled to this, agricultural management practices have also contributed to mitigation of the effects of excessive salt accumulation in the soil. The acquired fundamental knowledge about how a plant reacts to high salt concentrations has been essential for the development of educated and applied strategies for salinity alleviation. In this chapter, we provide a general overview of the main strategies applied to alleviate salinity effects in plants, with a critical discussion of the main achievements described in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSalinity Responses and Tolerance in Plants, Volume 1
Subtitle of host publicationTargeting Sensory, Transport and Signaling Mechanisms
PublisherSpringer International Publishing Switzerland
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9783319756714
ISBN (Print)9783319756707
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2018


  • Abiotic stresses
  • Alleviation strategies
  • Biological treatments
  • Chemical treatments
  • Crops
  • Field management practices
  • Halopriming
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Magnetic field
  • Osmopriming
  • Physical treatments
  • Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria
  • Rhizospheric fungi
  • Salinity


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