Strain-induced matrix and droplets anisotropic deformation in liquid crystalline cellulose dispersed liquid crystal films

Daniela Filip, Ivo Costa, J. L. Figueirinhas, M. H. Godinho

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work deals with the preparation of new liquid crystalline cellulose dispersed liquid crystal films (100 μm) using a shearing casting technique. The matrix of the films presents the so-called band texture perpendicular to the shear direction. The nematic low molecular weight liquid crystal is encapsulated in micron and submicron size ellipsoids. The ratio between the lengths of the main axis and the short axis is around 1.23. The main axis is oriented, on average, 28° away from the shear direction. The evolution of the band texture and of the ellipsoidal liquid crystal droplets is investigated by polarizing optical microscopy and light scattering techniques as a function of the strain imposed along and perpendicular to the shear direction. Stretch along shear with strain equal to 0.8 seems to have no effect on the banded structure of the matrix, while the nematic liquid crystal ellipsoids slightly orient the main axis to the stress direction and their shape anisotropy increases by a factor of 2. Deformation in the direction transverse to the shear direction induces a deep change of the polymeric matrix and, at the end, a fibrillar structure is found. The nematic ellipsoids rotate their main axis and align along the stretch direction. Their shape anisotropy evolves from a value of 1.23 to 1 for intermediate deformations with strain equal to 0.5, to a final value of 5 with strain equal to 0.8, in the perpendicular direction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-486
Number of pages10
JournalComposite Interfaces
Volume13
Issue number4-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
EventInternational Conference on Advances in Polymer Blends, Composites, IPNS and Gels - Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, India
Duration: 21 Mar 200523 Mar 2005

Keywords

  • Band texture
  • Cellulose liquid crystals
  • Dispersed liquid crystals
  • Light scattering
  • Liquid crystal ellipsoids
  • Optical microscopy

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