Staphylococcus aureus requires at least one FtsK/SpoIIIE protein for correct chromosome segregation

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Abstract

Faithful coordination between bacterial cell division and chromosome segregation in rod-shaped bacteria, such as Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, is dependent on the DNA translocase activity of FtsK/SpoIIIE proteins, which move DNA away from the division site before cytokinesis is completed. However, the role of these proteins in chromosome partitioning has not been well studied in spherical bacteria. Here, it was shown that the two Staphylococcus aureus FtsK/SpoIIIE homologues, SpoIIIE and FtsK, operate in independent pathways to ensure correct chromosome management during cell division. SpoIIIE forms foci at the centre of the closing septum in at least 50% of the cells that are close to complete septum synthesis. FtsK is a multifunctional septal protein with a C-terminal DNA translocase domain that is not required for correct chromosome management in the presence of SpoIIIE. However, lack of both SpoIIIE and FtsK causes severe nucleoid segregation and morphological defects, showing that the two proteins have partially redundant roles in S. aureus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-517
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Volume103
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

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